Styles in the design of office interiors
We already wrote a lot about the styles of the kitchen interior, studied their versatility, diversity and dependence on geographical location. Now it’s the turn of office space, where we talk about styles in their design and features of the arrangement.
It is customary to design a modern office according to two methods – closed, where the entire office space is divided into separate cabinets, halls and corridors, or according to the Open Space method, where walls and cabinets are completely absent, and the space is divided into zones using office furniture and partitions.
The corridor-cabinet system can be found in most government offices and company offices located in older buildings. Such a system is accepted by organizations with a clear linear-functional organizational structure.
Open Space can be found in more modern offices, where the principle of democracy is at the core. This design is most suitable for modern forms of management. Also, this office space organization system allows saving on walls and doors, as well as simplifies communication between employees.
But there is a third type, which acts as a kind of compromise between the two above-mentioned – mixed. It is also very popular because it combines the classic and modern concept of office space.
In addition to the above concepts in the arrangement of the office, there are two more approaches – American and European.
The European approach is characterized by Open Space, but with some differences, primarily in a smoother mixing of styles in the formation of the design of the office space. In such offices, you can watch hi-tech using a classic Persian carpet and other completely opposite options, and in spite of this, they harmoniously fit into the interior.
It is also customary to divide the European style into so-called subgroups depending on the countries: Scandinavian, English, German, etc.
Spacious open space, dynamism that almost turns into aggressiveness – all these are the features of the American approach to the formation of office space. Unlike Europeans, Americans prefer strict adherence to the canons of the chosen style, avoiding confusion.
You probably saw in American films strict, business-like offices without a hint of familiarity, which were suppressed by their uncompromisingness and “efficiency.” It is this image that fully reveals the American style in the design of offices. Some like this style, while others, on the contrary, perceive it negatively.
office furniture The Manhattan style, or Wall Street style, appeared in the aftermath of the Great Depression, during the boom in the 1930s. The style takes its name from the largest, world-famous business districts of New York. This style became the embodiment of the real American cult of paid work.
The American office is characterized by Open Space, where there are only external walls and columns, no divisions into offices or departments. The majority of employees are located in large halls, and their workplaces are fenced with furniture partitions. Separate premises can be only recreation areas, meeting rooms and top managers’ offices. For Americans, the use of each meter of space to the maximum is typical.
Lyrics, in the form of vases, pots of flowers and other trinkets – no place. Indeed, in such offices there is only one rule – only what is necessary for work. Here you can find only those items that set up an effective and productive working spirit.
For the workplace, the basic requirement is comfort.
The Manhattan style uses metal, which creates a cool atmosphere, ideal for making important decisions. There are also many glass elements that allow you to visually increase the space, which serves as a kind of unifying link for the staff, developing the feeling of one team with common goals and aspirations.
The opinion that the Manhattan style is extremely strict, cold and peremptory is a mistake. First of all, this style is representativeness and stability.
The design of such an office uses exclusively expensive materials and high-quality furniture. The design itself is designed in a modern style, where all the items are functional. Among the decor items, high-tech fixtures, paintings, posters, modern watches and phones will look great.
Well-known and popular studio apartments appeared precisely under the influence of the Manhattan style. Americans are very fond of their work, so they moved the “office” even to their apartments. A minimum of furnishings and a maximum of free space are ideal housing for an American.
Liberal Europe Offices
The European office is very different from the pragmatic American, it is not so strict and pragmatic.